Strive for the national comprehensive mechanizatio

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By 2020, we will strive to achieve a national comprehensive mechanization level of more than 68%

by 2020, we will strive to achieve a national comprehensive mechanization level of more than 68%

China Construction machinery information

China Agricultural Economic boom index 2016 third quarter report jointly prepared and released by the China Institute of economic trends and the China economic boom monitoring center of the National Bureau of statistics, The modernization of agricultural machinery has developed from solving the mechanization of key links to the whole process mechanization mode of agricultural production, and towards the direction of intelligent and advanced manufacturing with information technology as the core. Develop full mechanized solutions and complete sets of equipment for the integration of agricultural machinery and equipment in the key production links of grain, meat, eggs, milk, fruits and vegetables, cotton, oil, sugar, rubber and other crops; Focus on the development of large-scale tractors with stepless speed change, precision variable compound work machines, high-efficiency combined harvesters, precision and low pollution large-scale self-propelled pesticide applicators, seed breeding and fine sorting and processing equipment, and intelligent equipment for healthy breeding; Break through the efficiency improvement and reliability technology of key components represented by heavy-duty diesel engine, stepless speed change, electronic control technology, hydraulic drive and animal and plant object recognition and monitoring system

in recent years, China's agricultural mechanization and agricultural machinery industry have developed continuously and rapidly, creating a "golden decade" for the development of Agricultural Mechanization in the country. However, there are still many "weaknesses" in the development of agricultural mechanization. How to make up for these "shortcomings" and speed up the whole process mechanization of major crop production is one of the key points to improve the comprehensive agricultural production capacity and the field competitiveness of the municipal 2.10 trial model in addition to meeting the technical requirements of this standard

explore regional mechanization mode

Lishu County, Jilin Province, located in the hinterland of the Songliao plain, is a national key commodity grain base county, with a cultivated area of 3.96 million mu and an average annual grain output of more than 5 billion jin. In the past, the low level of agricultural mechanization, predatory management and unscientific farming methods led to the decline of soil organic matter and serious desertification. Since 2007, the county has taken the demonstration and promotion of no tillage cultivation technology covered with corn straw as the entry point to promote the whole process mechanized production of corn, with obvious effect of increasing production and income. Compared with conventional production fields, the production cost has been reduced by more than 10% and the unit yield has been increased by more than 5%; Straw returning to the field prevented soil wind erosion and water erosion, and maintained and improved soil fertility; Straw becomes humus after decay, and humus is transformed into soil to supplement nutrients

wangguiman, the head of Lishu County agricultural extension station, told the author that at present, the promotion of corn straw mulching no tillage cultivation technology in Lishu County has basically taken shape, developed a complete set of key technologies and supporting machinery, established a feasible demonstration and promotion mode, and established the project engineering research center with the demonstration bases such as Gaojia Village Research and development base in Lishu Town, Lishu Town, quanyangou village in Lishu Town, fujiajie village in Sikeshu Township, chuaiwa village in Linhai Town, etc, Eight radiation demonstration bases have been established in Jilin, Liaoning, Inner Mongolia, Heilongjiang and other places

why is the beam of the electronic universal experimental machine often stuck? To speed up the promotion of Agricultural Mechanization in the whole process, we should start from the aspects of making up for shortcomings, reducing costs and improving benefits, mainly focusing on major agricultural crops such as rice, corn, wheat, potato, cotton, rape, peanut, soybean and sugarcane, and focusing on improving the mechanization level of major links such as tillage, planting, plant protection, harvesting, drying and straw treatment, Concentrate resources, continue to work hard, improve the level in a few years, and realize the overall leap forward development of the whole process mechanization. By 2020, we will strive to achieve more than 68% of the country's comprehensive mechanization of crop cultivation and harvest, including more than 80% of the three major grain crops, and greatly improve the level of mechanized plant protection prevention and control, mechanized straw treatment and mechanized drying treatment

however, promoting the whole process of agricultural mechanization is a step-by-step process. It needs typical guidance, from point to area, the whole Township and county, and gradient promotion. Since 2014, the Ministry of agriculture has initiated the implementation of the full mechanization demonstration project for the production of major crops, with a total investment of 78.1 million yuan over the past three years, supporting 159 counties (districts) to establish full mechanization demonstration bases. During the 13th Five Year Plan period, about 500 demonstration counties will be built to take the lead in basically realizing the mechanization of the whole process of production, and the comprehensive mechanization rate of cultivation and harvest of major crops will reach about 70%. It is understood that the first batch of 28 national demonstration counties (districts and cities) that have basically achieved the full mechanization of major crop production have been born, marking the preliminary results of the full mechanization promotion action

experts believe that promoting the whole process mechanization of agriculture is a systematic project, which involves many aspects, such as machinery research and development and manufacturing, land environment, variety breeding, cultivation methods, processing methods, and the organization of production and operation. To encourage more Chinese people to visit the Maldives, we need to strengthen administrative promotion, do a good job in overall planning, formulate implementation plans, relevant government departments, agricultural machinery manufacturing enterprises, processing enterprises, farmers and other departments All parties should work together to promote

give play to the guiding role of subsidy policy

subsidy policy plays a guiding role in comprehensively promoting the development of Agricultural Mechanization in the whole process. Since the implementation of the agricultural machinery purchase subsidy policy in 2004, the development of Agricultural Mechanization in China has entered the fast lane, and the comprehensive mechanization rate of crop cultivation and harvest has increased from 33% before the implementation of the policy to more than 63% now

wuchangjin, chairman of changqian agricultural machinery cooperative in Fuli Town, Yongqiao District, Suzhou City, Anhui Province, has been engaged in agricultural machinery operation services for many years. Since its establishment in 2011, the agricultural machinery cooperative has been growing. The cooperative now has more than 30 large tractors with more than 80 horsepower, 30 combine harvesters and more than 80 sets of various supporting machines and tools. It has enjoyed a total subsidy of more than 3.1 million yuan, and received 443000 yuan of subsidies for land subsoiling and land preparation, wheat straw returning and other operations. At present, the cooperative's agricultural machinery operation area has reached 160000 mu, which has effectively promoted the development of local agricultural mechanization. At present, the comprehensive mechanization rate of farming and harvest in Yongqiao District of Suzhou City has reached more than 80%

it is understood that the Ministry of agriculture and the Ministry of finance give full play to the guiding role of the subsidy policy for the purchase of agricultural machinery, and the subsidy fund for the purchase of agricultural machinery of the central government will mainly subsidize the machines and tools needed in the key links of the production of major crops such as grain, cotton, oil and sugar. At the same time, we should strengthen the green ecological guidance, and require all regions to increase subsidies for machines and tools required by green production increase technologies such as conservation tillage, subsoiling and land preparation, and straw returning to the field, so as to strive to make full compensation and open subsidies

in view of the weak links in the development of agricultural mechanization, the central and local governments have continued to increase investment. In order to promote the subsoiling and land preparation operations of agricultural machinery, the central and local governments invested 1.54 billion yuan in subsidies for subsoiling operations of agricultural machinery in 2015, with the implementation area of subsidies reaching more than 63 million mu; In order to promote the return of crop straw to the field, the Jiangsu provincial finance budget this year allocated 880 million yuan of provincial subsidy funds; In order to promote the mechanization of rice planting and drying, the financial budget of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region this year has allocated 50million yuan for the construction of factory seedling raising centers and drying centers. Shandong, Henan, Fujian, Jiangxi, Ningxia and other provinces increased local financial investment, integrated agricultural project funds, and went all out to support the whole process of mechanized machine and tool research and development, fuel subsidies, service system construction, and achieved good results

agricultural machinery is an important carrier for the development of agricultural mechanization. In recent years, China's agricultural machinery industry has developed rapidly, and the ability of independent innovation has been continuously improved. However, the effective supply of agricultural machinery is still insufficient to meet the needs of modern agricultural development

experts believe that in order to promote the development of Agricultural Mechanization in the whole process, we also need to supplement the "weakness" of agricultural machinery manufacturing. We should continue to give full play to the guiding role of the subsidy policy for the purchase of agricultural machinery, actively promote the pilot of subsidies for the purchase of new agricultural machinery products, support and encourage the scrapping and renewal of old agricultural machinery, and strive to optimize the structure of agricultural machinery and equipment. Explore the application of modern information technologies such as Beidou satellite precise positioning, automatic navigation and IOT in agricultural machinery and equipment, and further promote the upgrading of agricultural machinery and equipment. We should actively promote the implementation of "made in China 2025" in the agricultural machinery industry, encourage and guide agricultural machinery manufacturing enterprises, scientific research institutions and other institutions to increase the R & D and innovation of agricultural machinery and equipment, and break through the bottleneck constraints of machines and tools in the key links required for the whole process of mechanization. We should strengthen the quality supervision and inspection of agricultural machinery in use and promote the improvement of the quality and performance of agricultural machinery products

cultivating socialized service organizations

the whole process mechanization is difficult to achieve by decentralized small farmers and small agricultural machinery. We must take agricultural machinery cooperatives, family farms and other agricultural scale business entities and service entities as the main dependence to promote the whole process mechanization

Liang Jiaxiang, the chairman of Xiangfa agricultural machinery service professional cooperative in Sanhe Town, Hongze, Jiangsu Province, has purchased 8 step-by-step rice transplanters for rice transplanting services since 2005. In 2011, an agricultural machinery cooperative was established to continuously expand the scale of agricultural machinery operation services, with an agricultural machinery operation area of more than 15000 mu. At present, there are more than 300 agricultural machines and tools, large and small. Now, with the continuous improvement of the local agricultural mechanization level, the previous step-by-step rice transplanters have been withdrawn from the market and replaced by large agricultural machines such as large riding rice transplanters, high-power tractors, large grain dryers, and large plant protection machinery. The scope of agricultural machinery services has also been expanded from the initial rice transplanters to "one-stop" services such as cultivation, drying, sales, and storage of major grain crops, It has effectively promoted the development of local agricultural mechanization

at present, the number of Agricultural Machinery Cooperatives in China has reached 56500, and the number of members has reached 1.38 million (households). Agricultural Machinery Cooperatives carry out business services by means of land equity, land trusteeship, installation of bearing columns on a fixed horizontal base, and joint farming and planting. The total annual operation service area reaches 712million mu, accounting for about 12% of the total area of agricultural mechanization operation in China, and the number of service farmers reaches 38.87 million. The total operating income of National Agricultural Machinery Cooperatives reached 81.4 billion yuan, with an average income of 1.51 million yuan

the relevant person in charge of the Ministry of Agriculture said that at present, all regions actively cultivate diversified agricultural machinery socialized service organizations, vigorously promote cross regional operations, order operations, custody services, leasing and other agricultural machinery socialized services, and effectively improve the degree of organization of major crop production. Guide industrial and commercial social capital to invest in agricultural machinery operation services, and promote the marketization, specialization, scale and industrialization of agricultural machinery operation services

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